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The effect of word position on eye-movements in sentence and paragraph reading

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journal contribution
posted on 25.01.2016, 09:48 by V. Kuperman, Michael Dambacher, A. Nuthmann, R. Kliegl
The present study explores the role of the word position-in-text in sentence and paragraph reading. Three eye-movement data sets based on the reading of Dutch and German unrelated sentences reveal a sizeable, replicable increase in reading times over several words at the beginning and the end of sentences. The data from the paragraph-based English-language Dundee corpus replicate the pattern and also indicate that the increase in inspection times is driven by the visual boundaries of the text organized in lines, rather than by syntactic sentence boundaries. We argue that this effect is independent of several established lexical, contextual, and oculomotor predictors of eye-movement behaviour. We also provide evidence that the effect of word position-in-text has two independent components: a start-up effect, arguably caused by a strategic oculomotor programme of saccade planning over the line of text, and a wrap-up effect, originating in cognitive processes of comprehension and semantic integration.

History

Citation

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (Hove), 2010, 63 (9), pp. 1838-1857

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/MBSP Non-Medical Departments/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (Hove)

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

issn

1747-0218

eissn

1747-0226

Acceptance date

07/12/2009

Copyright date

2010

Available date

25/01/2016

Publisher version

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17470211003602412

Language

en