The effects of MSH2 deficiency on spontaneous and radiation-induced mutation rates in the mouse germline
journal contributionposted on 20.08.2007, 09:08 by Karen L.A. Burr, Annemarie van Duyn-Goedhart, Peter Hickenbotham, Paul P.W. van Buul, Yuri E. Dubrova
Mutation rates at two expanded simple tandem repeat (ESTR) loci were studied in the germline of mismatch repair deficient Msh2 knock-out mice. Spontaneous mutation rates in homozygous Msh2-/- males were significantly higher than those in isogenic wild-type (Msh2+/+) and heterozygous (Msh2+/-) mice. In contrast, the irradiated Msh2-/- mice did not show any detectable increases in their mutation rate, whereas significant ESTR mutation induction was observed in the irradiated Msh2+/+ and Msh2+/- animals. Considering these data and the results of other publications, we propose that the Msh2-deficient mice possess a mutator phenotype in their germline and somatic tissues while the loss of a single Msh2 allele does not affect the stability of heterozygotes.