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The evolution of large cavities and disc eccentricity in circumbinary discs

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journal contribution
posted on 14.06.2021, 09:58 by Enrico Ragusa, Richard Alexander, Josh Calcino, Kieran Hirsh, Daniel J Price
We study the mutual evolution of the orbital properties of high-mass ratio, circular, co-planar binaries and their surrounding discs, using 3D Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulations. We investigate the evolution of binary and disc eccentricity, cavity structure, and the formation of orbiting azimuthal overdense features in the disc. Even with circular initial conditions, all discs with mass ratios q > 0.05 develop eccentricity. We find that disc eccentricity grows abruptly after a relatively long time-scale (∼400–700 binary orbits), and is associated with a very small increase in the binary eccentricity. When disc eccentricity grows, the cavity semimajor axis reaches values acav≈3.5abin⁠. We also find that the disc eccentricity correlates linearly with the cavity size. Viscosity and orbit crossing appear to be responsible for halting the disc eccentricity growth – eccentricity at the cavity edge in the range ecav ∼ 0.05–0.35. Our analysis shows that the current theoretical framework cannot fully explain the origin of these evolutionary features when the binary is almost circular (ebin ≲ 0.01); we speculate about alternative explanations. As previously observed, we find that the disc develops an azimuthal overdense feature in Keplerian motion at the edge of the cavity. A low-contrast overdensity still co-moves with the flow after 2000 binary orbits; such an overdensity can in principle cause significant dust trapping, with important consequences for protoplanetary disc observations.

History

Citation

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 499, Issue 3, December 2020, Pages 3362–3380, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2954

Author affiliation

School of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Volume

499

Issue

3

Pagination

3362 - 3380

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP) for Royal Astronomical Society

issn

0035-8711

eissn

1365-2966

Acceptance date

22/09/2020

Copyright date

2020

Available date

14/06/2021

Language

English