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The host galaxies of core-collapse supernovae and gamma-ray bursts

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journal contribution
posted on 24.10.2012, 09:08 by K. M. Svensson, A. J. Levan, N. R. Tanvir, AS. Fruchter, L-G. Strolger
We present a comparative study of the galactic and small-scale environments of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). We use a sample of 34 GRB hosts at z < 1.2, and a comparison sample of 58 supernova hosts located within the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey footprint. We fit template spectra to the available photometric data, which span the range 0.45–24 μm, and extract absolute magnitudes, stellar masses and star formation rates from the resulting fits. Our results broadly corroborate previous findings, but offer significant enhancements in spectral coverage and a factor 2–3 increase in sample size. Specifically, we find that CCSNe occur frequently in massive spirals (spiral fraction ∼50 per cent). In contrast GRBs occur in small, relatively low mass galaxies with high specific and surface star formation rates, and have a spiral fraction of only ∼10 per cent. A comparison of the rest-frame absolute magnitudes of the GRB and CCSN sample is less conclusive than found in previous work, suggesting that while GRB hosts are typically both smaller and bluer than those of CCSN their total blue light luminosities are only slightly lower. We suggest this is likely due to rapid periods of intensified star formation activity, as indicated by the high specific SFRs, which both create the GRB progenitors and briefly significantly enhance the host galaxy blue luminosity. Finally, our analysis of local environments of GRBs and CCSNe shows that GRBs are highly concentrated on their host light, and further occur in regions of higher absolute surface luminosity than CCSNe.

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Citation

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2010, 405 (1), pp. 57-76

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

issn

0035-8711

eissn

1365-2966

Copyright date

2010

Available date

24/10/2012

Publisher version

http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/content/405/1/57

Language

en

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