Variability of Jupiter's IR H-3(+) aurorae during Juno approach
journal contributionposted on 05.07.2019, 12:50 by L Moore, J O'Donoghue, H Melin, T Stallard, C Tao, B Zieger, J Clarke, MF Vogt, T Bhakyapaibul, M Opher, G Toth, JEP Connerney, S Levin, S Bolton
We present ground‐based observations of Jupiter's H3+ aurorae over four nights in April 2016 while the Juno spacecraft was monitoring the upstream interplanetary magnetic field. High‐precision maps of auroral H3+ densities, temperatures, and radiances reveal significant variabilities in those parameters, with regions of enhanced density and emission accompanied by reduced temperature. Juno magnetometer data, combined with solar wind propagation models, suggest that a shock may have impacted Jupiter in the days preceding the observation interval but that the solar wind was quiescent thereafter. Auroral H3+ temperatures reveal a downward temporal trend, consistent with a slowly cooling upper atmosphere, such as might follow a period of shock recovery. The brightest H3+ emissions are from the end of the period, 23 April. A lack of definitive signatures in the upstream interplanetary magnetic field lends supporting evidence to the possibility that this brightening event may have been driven by internal magnetospheric processes.