The Political Integration Of Moroccans In Europe: An Analysis Of The Attitudinal And Behavioural Engagement Of Mooroccan-Origin Residents In Politics In Five European Cities
thesisposted on 23.08.2018, 10:53 by Zakaria Sajir
In this dissertation I focus on the political integration of the people of migrant-origin from Morocco. The main objective is to explore how contextual factors shape the political engagement of this group. In addition, the varying migration trajectories and histories of settlement in Europe of this large, heterogeneous, stigmatised, and understudied group are made visible. I begin by advancing my own conception of political integration, adding to work that seeks to fill a gap in the literature on migrant integration, which has predominantly focused on the social and economic aspects. Using this concept, I analyse the attitudinal and behavioural forms of political engagement expressed by the members of the Moroccan-origin communities residing in Brussels, Lyon, Turin, Barcelona, and Madrid. I use survey data from the LOCALMULTIDEM project, a sister project, and an original survey in Turin that I designed and conducted. I investigated how contextual factors—the presence of local voting rights in favour of non-European nationals and the strength of the anti-discrimination policies implemented in the countries of residence—can shape the way Moroccan-origin individuals engage in their countries of residence. I conducted a series of multivariate analyses whilst controlling for the influence of individual attributes, like gender, age, and education. The results produced do not provide evidence in support of the argument that the extension of local voting rights in favour of migrant-origin individuals can stimulate their political engagement. The Moroccan-origin individuals residing in Brussels, the only city where non-European nationals can take part in local elections, do not have a higher chance to be engaged in politics. However, the findings suggest that the Moroccan-origin communities residing in countries implementing stronger and intermediate anti-discrimination policies (Belgium, France, and Italy) can express their voice through a wider set of political acts.